Students can explore the steam elements of the locomotive and how the water changes into steam, identifying the basic elements of the process.
This resource is for key stage 3 students who are covering â€˜States of Matterâ€™ as part of the compulsory science element of the National Curriculum. It allows students who visit Isle of Wight Steam Railway to engage with the scientific concepts within the railway environment and to identify how materials change due to various processes, including combustion.
Students can explore the steam elements of the locomotive and how the water changes into steam, identifying the basic elements of the process. They can see the water being added at the station, witness the coal fire being stoked, and the resultant expansion of the steam being harnessed to provide traction.
Students need to have covered work on atoms and molecules as particles, motion and spacing of particles, the particulate nature of matter, the properties of the different states of matter in terms of particle kinetics.
Completion of this activity
Class discussion/Q+A; completion of labelled diagrams, PowerPoint slides or animations showing these examples; finding other examples of particle kinetics and energy changes in action around us; class discussion about the scientific processes/techniques used by the railway team
Students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of how particle kinetics and energy changes function in real life situations.